INSAS – Indian Small Arms System

INSAS stands for Indian small arm system. It is an indigenous design of India. It was replacement of Indian military’s standard SLR rifles. It is chambered for standard NATO 5.56×45 mm ammunition. The project started in 1990 SITE by DRDO. It was in production in 2000. It was also exported to Nepal in discounted rates. It initially had some problems with it’s transparent magazines on very low temperature ((Like Siachen)), which were corrected latter.

INSAS project included

  • Assault rifle.
  • Carbine
  • LMG
  • Excalibur ( Advanced carbine with optics )

INSAS is neither an invention nor premium product. It is a perfect design which is inspired by many popular guns, some of them are still in service. It may not be sophisticated but it is found effective in Kargil.

Insas Excaliber
INSAS AR

In the image you are viewing INSAS MK-1 with passive night vision optics on top

Insas Excaliber
INSAS Excaliber

Some of features of this gun are: “Its AK family design” and Polycrystalline transparent magazines.

Description of gun. ((Source))

Caliber (mm) 5.56
Muzzle velocity (m/s) 900
Length of Rifle (mm) Without Bayonet 960
With Bayonet 1110
Weight of rifle (Kg)Without Magazine & Bayonet 4.15
Effective range (m) 400
Range for Grenade (m) Multi mode 200
M36 150
Magzine Capacity (Rounds) 20
Cyclic Rage (Rounds/min) 600
Trigger Pull (kg) 2.10 – 4.00
Recoil Energy (Joules) 4.43
Barrel Groove 6 Grooves R.H1 in 200 mm.
Sight Fore sight Post Type
Rear sight Aperture
Type of fire Single, 3 Round brust

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